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A holistic approach to pain

VOL: 97, ISSUE: 34, PAGE NO: 34Valerie Howard, BSc, RN, RM, RNT, is a nurse tutor in palliative care, Northern Ireland HospiceDame Cicely Saunders, the founder of the hospice movement, coined the phrase 'total pain', describing it as 'the division of a whole experience into physical, emotional, social and spiritual components' (Saunders and Sykes, 1993). Awareness of this concept is important in all caring situations.

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