5a. Guidelines: central venous access devices
Bloodstream infections associated with the insertion and maintenance of central venous access devices (CVADs) are highly dangerous, worsening the severity of the patients’ underlying ill health, prolonging hospitalisation and increasing the cost of care (Emerson et al, 1996; Waghorn, 1994; Pittet et al, 1994Arnow et al, 1993; Smith et al, 1991; Martin et al, 1989;).
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