VOL: 99, ISSUE: 35, PAGE NO: 28
- Schizophrenia is a severe disturbance in the brain’s functioning affecting around one in 100 people.
- Exact cause(s) are unknown but several factors, including genetics and changes in brain chemistry or structure, may be involved.
Positive symptoms (where something is added to the person’s usual behaviour) include:
Negative symptoms (where something is lost from the person’s behaviour) include:
- Antipsychotic medication. Newer ‘atypical’ antipsychotic drugs (see positive symptoms) are reported to have fewer extrapyramidal side-effects. Evidence indicates ‘atypicals’ are more effective than the older medications such as haloperidol.
Birchwood, M. et al (2000)Early Intervention in Psychosis; A Guide to Concepts, Evidence and Interventions. West Sussex: John Wiley and Sons.