By continuing to use the site you agree to our Privacy & Cookies policy

Your browser seems to have cookies disabled. For the best experience of this website, please enable cookies in your browser.

Close

Your browser is no longer supported

For the best possible experience using our website we recommend you upgrade to a newer version or another browser.

Close

Patient-controlled analgesia after coronary artery bypass grafting

Analgesia following any thoracic surgery is important to reduce the risk of pulmonary and cardiovascular complications. Research shows that patients with higher pain scores have significantly higher levels of atelectasis (failure of the lungs to expand properly), cardiac ischemia and arrhythmia (Tsang and Brush, 1999; Watt-Watson and Stevens, 1998; Gravlee and Rauck, 1993), so optimal analgesia is essential.

Get unlimited access

As a subscriber you will benefit from:

  • Full online and mobile access to news and opinion stories
  • Customised email alerts straight to your inbox (over 30 alerts available)
  • 4,500 practice articles in our archive 
  • Over £500 worth of CPD learning units 
or

newsletterpromo