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Fertility 'affected by age at which mother hits menopause'

Academics have found that the age a woman goes through the menopause can help health professionals determine the fertility of her daughters.

A study found that early menopause related to a more rapid decrease in ovarian reserve. And it claims that a woman’s fertility is affected by their mother.

Researchers measured levels of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) and the number of antral follicles in women and then looked how old the mother was when she entered the menopause. They found both the hormone levels and the antral follicle count (AFC) fell quicker in those whose mothers had experienced menopause before the age of 45.

Lead researcher Dr Janne Bentzen, from Denmark’s Copenhagen University Hospital, said the research was the first to claim that the decline of AMH and AFC was slower in women whose mothers entered the menopause over the age of 55 than in those whose mothers experienced menopause before turning 45.

He said the study, published in the journal Human Reproduction, supported the notion that women’s reserve of eggs was affected by their family history but said the subject needed more research.

Dr Bentzen said more scientific studies were needed which measured AMH levels over a long period of time until a woman goes into the menopause.

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