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Perfecting your practice

All posts from: April 2012

Why are cases of allergic rhinitis increasing in the UK?

23 April, 2012 Posted by: -

Key points

  1. Environmental changes influence pollen seasons
  2. Rhinitis can be classified as allergic or non-allergic
  3. Symptoms are debilitating and limit activity
  4. Treatment should be started promptly
  5. Rhinitis and asthma often coexist

Let’s discuss

  • Why are cases of allergic rhinitis increasing in the UK?
  • What questions would you ask patients who you suspect have allergic rhinitis?
  • How can allergic rhinitis affect performance at school and work?
  • What advice would you give students who experience seasonal rhinitis at exam time?
  • How would you explain the technique for using a nasal spray to patients?

What are some common signs of impulsive or compulsive behaviour?

20 April, 2012 Posted by: -

  • Article:  Cotton P, Heisters D (2012) How to care for people with Parkinson’s disease. Nursing Times; 108: 16, 12-13.
  • Author: Patsy Cotton is advanced nurse practitioner in Parkinson’s disease and movement disorder, Salford Royal Foundation Trust; Daiga Heisters is head of professional engagement and education, Parkinson’s UK.

THIS ARTICLE WILL TELL YOU ABOUT:

  • The symptoms of Parkinson’s disease
  • Treatment options, including medication and deep brain stimulation (DBS)
  • The role of a Parkinson’s nurse and advice for nurses on caring for Parkinson’s patients

YOU WOULD BE LIKELY TO REFERENCE THIS ARTICLE IF YOU WERE RESEARCHING:

  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Parkinson’s dementia
  • Deep brain stimulation

IN WHAT SITUATIONS WILL THIS ARTICLE BE USEFUL TO ME?

Knowledge of the symptoms of Parkinson’s, the treatment options and the possible side-effects of treatment, like involuntary movements and impulsive and compulsive behaviour, is important for caring for patients with Parkinson’s. The discussion of the roles of specialist Parkinson’s nurses and the advice on caring for Parkinson’s patients may be useful for both students and general nurses.

QUESTIONS FOR YOUR MENTOR/TUTOR:

  • What are some common signs of impulsive or compulsive behaviour?
  • What types of movement problems should I look for because they could lead to malnutrition?

STUDENT NT DECODER:

  • Idiopathic – meaning, from an unknown source. According to the article, idiopathic Parkinson’s is the most common form of the disease, meaning that, in most cases, there is no clearly definable cause.
  • Dementia – the condition of a loss of brain functioning, more than that which is naturally the result of age.  Some symptoms are forgetfulness, hallucinations and slowness of thought. 

An overview of chronic heart failure management

5 April, 2012 Posted by: -

THIS ARTICLE WILL TELL YOU ABOUT:

  • The definition and symptoms of chronic heart failure (CHF)
  • How the heart functions normally and how the body responds to CHF
  • Statistics on prevalence and cost
  • How CHF is diagnosed as well as pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment

 

YOU WOULD BE LIKELY TO REFERENCE THIS ARTICLE IF YOU WERE RESEARCHING:

  • Chronic heart failure
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Dyspnoea

 

IN WHAT SITUATIONS WILL THIS ARTICLE BE USEFUL TO ME?

This article provides a comprehensive overview of CHF, including its definition, symptoms, signs and diagnosis methods, treatment options, prevalence and cost. It will be useful in helping you understand one of the most common conditions. The discussions on how the heart functions normally, how CHF alters the bodies functioning, and non-pharmacological strategies for treatment will be especially useful in the education of patients.

 

QUESTIONS FOR YOUR MENTOR/TUTOR:

  • What are some practical strategies for helping a patient with CHF make needed lifestyle changes?
  • How can I best present to a patient what CHF is and how it affects the body?

 

STUDENT NT DECODER:

Dyspnoea: shortness of breath, generally; includes orthopnoea, which is dyspnoea that occurs when lying down, and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea, which refers to dyspnoea attacks at night. In all forms, dyspnoea is a symptom of CHF.

Epidemiology: the study of the occurrence of a condition within a certain group of people

Myocardial Infarction: known commonly as a heart attack

Oedema: collection of fluid beneath the skin that creates swelling

 

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