Colorectal cancer is the UK’s second most common cause of cancer death but if caught early, it is one of the most treatable forms of cancer. Some 35,000 people are diagnosed with colorectal cancer every year in the UK and 16,000 of this number will die from the disease (Cancer Research UK, 2003).
Inflammatory bowel diseaseSubscription
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an umbrella term used to describe ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD). Both are chronic, lifelong conditions characterised by periods of exacerbation and remission. During periods of exacerbation, individuals experience increased frequency in bowel movements, rectal bleeding, abdominal pain and malnutrition.
Susanna Challis, BSc (Hons), RGN.
Christine Eberhardie, MSc, RN, RNT, ILTM, MIHM. Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences, Kingston University and St George’s Hospital Medical School, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey
Gastro-oesophageal reflux diseaseSubscription
Dr Anan S. Raghunath. General Practitioner, Hospital Endoscopist, Honorary Senior Clinical Lecturer, Hull York Medical School and St Andrews Group Practice, Marmaduke Health Centre, Hull
Joan Gray, RGN.
In the late 1980s, enteral feeding became common practice in hospitals for patients who were unable to feed themselves. It was therefore inevitable that those requiring long-term artificial feeding - that is, for more than 30 days - would continue this practice at home.
Nutritional support is one of the most fundamental aspects of nursing practice. Evidence suggests that many patients are malnourished when admitted to hospital and this is a particular problem for patients with cancer (Whitman, 2000).