Amphetamine abuse is associated with an almost five-fold increase in incidences of haemorrhagic stroke, research has shown.
Research conducted in Texas hospitals on discharged drug users found that patients abusing amphetamines were 4.95 times more likely than those in a control group to suffer from haemorrhagic stroke, but not ischemic stroke.
In comparison, haemorrhagic stroke was 2.33 times more likely among cocaine abusers. This group were also twice as likely to suffer from ischemic stroke.
Patients who had taken amphetamine were 2.63 times more likely to die if they had suffered a stroke, but not those taking cocaine.
Archives of General Psychiatry (2007) 64:495-502