Category list : Anatomy and physiology
Stories with this category.
This second article in a six-part series on the effects of bedrest explains how prolonged bedrest negatively affects the respiratory and haematological systems and mental health
This first article in a six-part series on the effects of bedrest discusses how it affects the cardiovascular system. It comes with a self-assessment enabling you to test your knowledge after reading it
Chromosomal abnormalities and defective genes cause a variety of genetic disorders with specific features. This article is the last in a four-part series on genes and chromosomes
Proteins, essential to the fabric and function of the human body, are produced inside cells using genetic information contained in DNA. This article is the third in a four-part series on genes and chromosomes
This article, the second in a four-part series on genes and chromosomes, explores cell division. It comes with a self-assessment enabling you to test your knowledge after reading it
Genes are the basic units of inheritance in nature. This article is the first in a four-part series exploring the role of genes and chromosomes in inheritance, health and disease
’This is definitely a book that I would recommend to all student nurses as a starter when studying anatomy and physiology as it provides a fun way to learn’
The veins are affected by a range of conditions that produce burdensome symptoms for patients and high costs for health services. This article - the last in a three-part series - reviews the pathophysiology of, and risk factors for, venous disease
Arteries, part of the vascular system, are affected by a range of diseases often originating in atherosclerosis. This article, the second in a three-part series on the vascular system, reviews arterial pathophysiology
Vascular system 1: anatomy and physiologySubscription
The vascular system supplies oxygen to the body and removes waste through five types of blood vessels. This article, the first in a three-part series, discusses vascular anatomy and physiology
Anatomy and physiology of ageing 11: the skinSubscription
The skin performs several key functions that are increasingly impaired in ageing. This article describes skin ageing, its mechanisms and effects, and the essentials of looking after older people’s skin
Healthcare is being hampered because of the public’s poor basic understanding of anatomy, according to researchers, whose findings suggest UK clinicians need to explain things thoroughly to patients and assume a low level of knowledge unless otherwise indicated.
Age brings about changes to the male and female reproductive systems that lead to loss of fertility and the physical and psychological symptoms of the menopause and andropause
Ageing negatively affects hormone secretion by the glands of the endocrine system, which makes older people more prone to insomnia, fractures, diabetes and cognitive changes
Normal age-related changes to the eyes and ears mean older people gradually see, hear and balance less well. Regular testing to detect common sight and hearing pathologies is essential
Like all body systems, the renal system goes through an inevitable decline in its function as the body ages, but in the absence of disease it will function adequately throughout life
The many functions of the digestive system are differently affected by age, making older people more prone to gastrointestinal conditions
The normal ageing process brings about changes to the respiratory system which mean older people are at increased risk of respiratory tract infections. What exactly happens and why?
Lynne Yates explains the importance of knowing how the aging process can affect a person’s body - and their response to treatment
The normal ageing process brings about changes to the cardiovascular system that mean the heart works less efficiently. What exactly happens and why?