Category list : Anatomy and physiology
Stories with this category.
In women, pelvic floor weakness can lead to incontinence or prolapse. This article – the first in a two-part series – describes the female pelvic floor anatomy and pathophysiology
This final article in a six-part series on the detrimental effects of prolonged bedrest on body and mind discusses how it affects bones, skin and self-concept
This fifth article in a six-part series on the detrimental effects of prolonged bedrest on body and mind covers muscles, joints and mobility
This fourth article in a series on the effects of prolonged bedrest on body and mind describes its effects on the renal, reproductive and immune systems
This third article in our series on the effects of bedrest on body and mind explores how prolonged bedrest compromises the activities of the gastrointestinal, endocrine and nervous systems
This second article in a six-part series on the effects of bedrest explains how prolonged bedrest negatively affects the respiratory and haematological systems and mental health
This first article in a six-part series on the effects of bedrest discusses how it affects the cardiovascular system. It comes with a self-assessment enabling you to test your knowledge after reading it
Chromosomal abnormalities and defective genes cause a variety of genetic disorders with specific features. This article is the last in a four-part series on genes and chromosomes
Proteins, essential to the fabric and function of the human body, are produced inside cells using genetic information contained in DNA. This article is the third in a four-part series on genes and chromosomes
This article, the second in a four-part series on genes and chromosomes, explores cell division. It comes with a self-assessment enabling you to test your knowledge after reading it
Genes are the basic units of inheritance in nature. This article is the first in a four-part series exploring the role of genes and chromosomes in inheritance, health and disease
’This is definitely a book that I would recommend to all student nurses as a starter when studying anatomy and physiology as it provides a fun way to learn’
The veins are affected by a range of conditions that produce burdensome symptoms for patients and high costs for health services. This article - the last in a three-part series - reviews the pathophysiology of, and risk factors for, venous disease
Arteries, part of the vascular system, are affected by a range of diseases often originating in atherosclerosis. This article, the second in a three-part series on the vascular system, reviews arterial pathophysiology
Vascular system 1: anatomy and physiologySubscription
The vascular system supplies oxygen to the body and removes waste through five types of blood vessels. This article, the first in a three-part series, discusses vascular anatomy and physiology
Anatomy and physiology of ageing 11: the skinSubscription
The skin performs several key functions that are increasingly impaired in ageing. This article describes skin ageing, its mechanisms and effects, and the essentials of looking after older people’s skin
Healthcare is being hampered because of the public’s poor basic understanding of anatomy, according to researchers, whose findings suggest UK clinicians need to explain things thoroughly to patients and assume a low level of knowledge unless otherwise indicated.
Age brings about changes to the male and female reproductive systems that lead to loss of fertility and the physical and psychological symptoms of the menopause and andropause
Ageing negatively affects hormone secretion by the glands of the endocrine system, which makes older people more prone to insomnia, fractures, diabetes and cognitive changes
Normal age-related changes to the eyes and ears mean older people gradually see, hear and balance less well. Regular testing to detect common sight and hearing pathologies is essential
Like all body systems, the renal system goes through an inevitable decline in its function as the body ages, but in the absence of disease it will function adequately throughout life
The many functions of the digestive system are differently affected by age, making older people more prone to gastrointestinal conditions
The normal ageing process brings about changes to the respiratory system which mean older people are at increased risk of respiratory tract infections. What exactly happens and why?
Lynne Yates explains the importance of knowing how the aging process can affect a person’s body - and their response to treatment
The normal ageing process brings about changes to the cardiovascular system that mean the heart works less efficiently. What exactly happens and why?
“Women who take paracetamol or ibuprofen just twice a week could be damaging their hearing permanently,” the Daily Mail reports.
“Parkinson’s disease ‘may start in gut’,” BBC News reports. New research involving mice suggests that bacteria in the gut may lead to a greater decline in motor function in patients with Parkinson’s disease.
Regulation of the blood pressure is a vital physiological process enabling the body to respond to immediately changing demands such as ‘fight or flight’, or resting
“Got kidney stones? Ride a roller coaster! Study shows it is the most pain-free cost-efficient way to pass them,” says the Mail Online of a study carried out in the US which tested riding roller coasters as a way of passing kidney stones.
Anatomy of Research for NursesSubscription
’Any healthcare practitioner about to undertake research of any form, e.g. conducting a clinical trial or about to embark on any academic work requiring research processes to be adhered to, would find this book useful’
Health professionals are not always clear on the procedure for administering medication rectally, the benefits of this route or its indications
’This book would be suitable for any healthcare student who needs an understanding of the concept of pathophysiology’
What drug caused these vasculitic lesions?Subscription
This patient developed propylthiouracil-induced ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV), a condition associated with significant morbidity and mortality.
Phlegmasia cerulea dolensSubscription
This patient was diagnosed with phlegmasia cerulea dolens (PCD), a condition caused by acute massive venous thrombosis.
Dark green urine after head injurySubscription
This patient’s urine was coloured green by the propofol he was given for sedation.
'Want to save lives? Register as an organ donor'Subscription
At the time of writing this, there are 6642 people waiting for a transplant.
An unusual skin graftSubscription
A pedicled flap is a skin graft that remains partially attached to the donor site and receives its blood supply through a stalk.
Uremic frost is seen in end-stage renal failure and is an indication for dialysis.
“Strong legs ‘help the brain resist the effects of ageing’,’’ the Mail Online reports.
“Could a vaccine replace the need for daily statins?” asks the Mail Online.
“Slim adults with a ‘spare tyre’ of fat around their stomach have a twice as high mortality risk than those who are overweight,” The Daily Telegraph reports.
“A brisk 30-minute walk five days a week is more effective than any other form of exercise for keeping weight down,” The Times reports.
A life-threatening side effectSubscription
A rare pediatric conditionSubscription
“Having a filling can increase the risk of tooth decay in neighbouring teeth,” reports The Times. Researchers found evidence that, in some cases, fillings were more of a stop-gap than a cure for tooth decay – and could even actually contribute to the problem.
What is the underlying cause of this arrhythmia?Subscription
“Scientists have identified a gene that puts women at higher risk of heart disease, an early study suggests,” BBC News incorrectly reports.
“Middle-aged people should curb their drinking to reduce their risk of developing dementia, new guidance suggests,” reports the Daily Mirror.
I remember being in my third and final year of my nursing degree fervently hoping that I would secure a job in an older adult community mental health nursing team.
“Forget eight hours of sleep a night - we only actually need six,” the Daily Mail reports.