Issue : April 2004
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VOL: 102, ISSUE: 19, PAGE NO: 27Generic and proprietary names
The birth of a child is generally viewed as a time for rejoicing, despite the physical pain and exhaustion experienced by many women during childbirth. However, for some women the experience can be a traumatic event for a variety of reasons. These include the new demands a baby can bring, anxieties about parenting abilities, the responsibility of looking after the baby, and a host of more complex psychological, sociological, and biological matters that arise during this time of change ...
Rupture of the Spleen.Subscription
For decades a general lack of funding in the NHS has resulted in poor service delivery, which for some time went unquestioned (Box 1). The prevailing culture was to function without direction and without input from outside sources such as voluntary groups and those who used the service. Control was bureaucratic and so service delivery deteriorated resulting in a growing number of complaints. The number of cases of litigation against the NHS grew, prompting the government to take action.
Health secretary John Reid said in his speech to nursing managers at the chief nursing officer’s conference on 14 November 2003 that ‘by opening up the prescription pad to nurses we have given them a powerful and symbolic tool. One that makes choice a reality for patients’.
Since Ignac Semmelweis, a Hungarian obstetrician, observed in 1847 that handwashing reduced the number of deaths from puerperal fever (Semmelweis, 1983), the importance of washing hands before patient contact has been recognised by health professionals worldwide. The practice is central to efforts to reduce spread of infection and has clearly demonstrated efficacy in infection control (Infection Control Nurses Association, 1998).
VOL: 101, ISSUE: 04, PAGE NO: 29
While it is still a relatively rare disease, recent projections indicate that the number of men dying from mesothelioma in western Europe will almost double over the next 20 years and will account for about 250,000 deaths over the next 35 years (Peto et al, 1999). In the UK there has been a steady increase in deaths from the disease. From 1968 to 1991 the annual number of cases increased from 154 to 1,009, and this trend is predicted to continue, peaking in 2020 at 3,000 deaths (Executive ...
Long-term indwelling urinary catheterisation is common but is rarely completely trouble free. One of the most common problems is recurrent catheter blockage, caused by deposits of mineral salts encrusting the catheter surfaces coming into contact with urine (Okhawa et al, 1990; Cox and Hukins, 1989). Catheter blockage can be distressing for patients because it results either in bypassing and leakage, or in the discomfort of urinary retention. A build-up of encrustation on the external ...
In the year 2000, approximately 330,000 people in the UK had been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes (Williams and Pickup, 2000), and this number is growing yearly. It is usually diagnosed in children and young adults although it can occur at any age.