Survey suggests excessive police violence is evident in the types of injury and trauma being treated in A&E in the US.
The findings are based on 315 responses to a representative survey of 393 academic emergency care doctors across the US.
Almost all of respondents (98%) confirmed that they had treated patients who they suspected had sustained injuries/bruising inflicted by police officers. Around two thirds of respondents said they had treated two or more such cases a year.
The most frequently cited type of injury was blunt trauma inflicted by fists or feet. Around three out of four cited overly tight handcuffs, the researchers said.
The World Health Organization classifies Injury and death caused by excessive force at the hands of police officers a breach of human rights.