Despite current focus on death from knife and gun crime, the vast majority of trauma mortality arises from falls and traffic accidents, according to researchers from the Royal London Hospital.
They looked at records on 4,243 trauma patients admitted via the emergency department between 2004 and 2008.
The number of cases rose from 784 in 2004-05 to 1,400 in 2007-08, but all-cause mortality fell from 8.8% to 5.8%.
Blunt trauma – predominantly falls from height and road traffic collisions – accounted for 79% of admissions but 87% of mortality.
Penetrating trauma accounted for 21% of admissions and 13% of mortality.
- Chalkley D, et al. Deaths from trauma in London—a single centre experience. Emergency Medicine Journal (2011) 28: 305-309
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