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Cardiovascular disease risk linked with hypertension

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Nearly three-quarters of adults with conditions such as coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes also have hypertension, according to a study.

In a US survey of 4,646 adults, 31.4% had hypertension, defined as systolic blood pressure of at least 140mg of mercury and a diastolic blood pressure of at least 90mg of mercury.

High blood pressure was found in most people with cardiovascular diseases and related problems, including 76.8% of people with diabetes, 81.8% of those with chronic kidney disease, 69.5% of those with stroke and 71.4% with congestive heart failure.

Also, 73.7% of those with peripheral artery disease, 73% of those with coronary artery disease and 76.9% of those with two or more of the diseases listed above had hypertension.

Authors concluded: ‘These high-risk persons with low rates of hypertension control represent an urgent need for intensified efforts to achieve blood pressure control.’

Archives of Internal Medicine (2007) 167:2431-2436

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