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A nurse-led approach to diabetic retinal screening

In industrialised countries diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in people under the age of 60 (NICE, 2002). Ninety per cent of people with type 1 diabetes have some degree of diabetic retinopathy within 20 years of diagnosis and more than 60 per cent of people with type 2 diabetes will experience this complication (NICE, 2002). It has been suggested that it is present at diagnosis in 40 per cent of those with type 2 diabetes (Cummings, 2002). However, treatment can ...

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