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Fat tissue inflammation linked to diabetes, say researchers

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Fat tissue cells that cause inflammation may be what links diabetes with obesity, researchers in Australia have said.

The discovery - made at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute in Melbourne - may allow for more effective anti-inflammatory treatments to prevent resistance to insulin.

The scientists say for the first time they have found evidence that fat tissue macrophages in humans create cytokines that prevent cells from responding to insulin.

One researcher, professor Len Harrison, said: “We have shown that insulin resistance in human obesity is closely related to the presence of inflammatory cells in fat tissue - in particular a population of macrophage cells.”

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