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Aetiology, signs, symptoms and treatment of trigeminal neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a painful facial condition of unknown aetiology (Olesen, 1988) and one of the most common causes of facial pain (Theodosopoulos et al, 2002). It was originally known as tic douloureux (tic) and is also termed idiopathic and primary trigeminal neuralgia. This article discusses the condition, its epidemiology and prognosis, causes, diagnosis and assessment, and interventions used for its management and treatment.

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