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The effects and management of crack cocaine dependence

A significant development took place in the 1970s when cocaine was chemically altered to produce a smokeable version - now known as crack. The use of crack has risen significantly, partly because it is relatively easy to make and also because of its highly addictive properties. The British Crime Survey reported a significant increase in cocaine use between 1996 and 1998 in the 16-29 age groups - seizures of cocaine, including crack, rose by 32 per cent during this period (Home Office, ...

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