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Screening to reduce HIV transmission from mother to baby

From a public health perspective, targeting pregnant women for screening provides an ideal opportunity to prevent the spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Midwives are ideally placed to recommend and offer antenatal screening as part of the National Universal HIV Screening Policy (Department of Health, 1999). The rationale behind antenatal screening is to reduce transmission of HIV from an infected mother to her baby, a process that can occur during pregnancy, labour and through ...

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