Issue : January 2004
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VOL: 101, ISSUE: 05, PAGE NO: 31Generic/proprietary names
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common disabling neurological condition in young adults in the UK (Perkin and Wolinsky, 2000). It occurs all around the world, but is more common in countries with temperate climates. The UK, Scandinavia and Iceland have the highest rates of MS in the world.
VOL: 100, ISSUE: 04, PAGE NO: 50 Marion Richardson, BD, CertEd, RGN, RNT, DipN, is senior lecturer and programme leader, emergency nursing, University of Hertfordshire When an injury occurs and the skin is damaged, the process of tissue repair begins immediately, but some wounds can take up to two years or more to heal completely.
VOL: 100, ISSUE: 04, PAGE NO: 66
Medication errors, always a focus for media attention, are of concern to the general public and medical practitioners alike. According to the Department of Health (2000) document An Organisation With a Memory 25 per cent of litigation claims relate to medication errors. This has prompted the government to set a target to reduce such errors by 40 per cent by 2005.
It is thought that electroencephalogram (EEG) analysis may provide us with a better understanding of the dynamics of the human brain (Adeli et al, 2003) and so presumably help us understand more fully conditions such as epilepsy. However, Fowle and Binnie (2000) state that an EEG reading can be abnormal in people who do not have epilepsy and normal in people who do.
Every wound and patient is different so there is no single method for the management of acute wounds. However, there are some guiding principles that can assist in the decision-making process. Most wounds are suitable for primary closure, for example with sutures, while for other wounds closure is either delayed or not attempted (healing by secondary intention).
There has been a dramatic rise in the incidence of allergies in the UK in recent years. This problem is compounded by the fact that the nature of allergic disease has also become increasingly complex. Previously rare and potentially life-threatening disorders such as peanut allergy are increasingly common (Grundy et al, 2002), while growing numbers of patients have disorders affecting several systems.
WHAT IS IT
VOL: 101, ISSUE: 34, PAGE NO: 37Generic and proprietary names
Preoperative-assessment clinics have been introduced in many specialist areas over the last few years. Some are multidisciplinary, others are predominantly medically focused and an increasing number are nurse-led (Sutcliffe and Potter, 2000). They have evolved from the need to deliver quality health care within an environment where there are limited resources, such as theatre time and hospital beds.
According to the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, institutions have a responsibility for pain management and patients should have access to the best level of pain relief that may safely be provided (McCaffery and Pasero, 1999).
The increasing incidence of childhood obesity raised concern in 1990, when an estimated 18 million children under the age of five worldwide were classified as being overweight (WHO, 1998). Interestingly despite this warning the incidence continues to increase.
The Department of Health’s document Valuing People (DoH, 2001a) insists that secondary health services should be accessible to people with learning disabilities. There must be no discrimination against people with learning disabilities and support must be provided to help patients to understand and cooperate with their treatment while in hospital.
WHAT IS IT?
VOL: 98, ISSUE: 48, PAGE NO: 28AETIOLOGY AND RISK FACTORS
VOL: 101, ISSUE: 38, PAGE NO: 35
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) has been defined as the complaint of involuntary leakage of urine on effort, exertion, sneezing or coughing (Abrams et al, 2002). It becomes known as urodynamically proven stress incontinence (USI) when filling cystometry (a test of bladder function) shows a rise in intra-abdominal pressure, without a detrusor muscle (bladder muscle) contraction, causing urine loss via the urethra.
VOL: 100, ISSUE: 02, PAGE NO: 38 William Anderson, RGN, is clinical nurse, specialist care of older people/lead nurse for free nursing care, Canterbury & Coastal Primary Care Trust Hilary Bungay, PhD, MA, HDCR, is Senectus programme manager, Centre for Health Service Studies, University of Kent
A study soon to be published in the journal Respiratory Medicine claims that deaths caused by pneumonia have risen since the Department of Health told prescribers in 1998 not to give antibiotics for coughs, colds and sore throats (NT News, 6 January, p9).