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Less is better: why venepuncture practice should be reviewed for those with end-stage renal failure

Carol Hewart, RN, Dip HE (adult) Nursing.Renal Nurse, Renal Unit, Derriford Hospital, Plymouth, DevonThe kidney has a fundamental role in maintaining a person's haemoglobin level. Before the manufacture and introduction of the synthetic version of the hormone erythropoietin (EPO), anaemia was a major problem for end-stage renal failure (ESRF) patients, and therefore for the renal multidisciplinary teams caring for them.

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