VOL: 98, ISSUE: 50, PAGE NO: 32AETIOLOGY AND RISK FACTORS
- Cirrhosis describes excessive development of scar tissue within the liver, irrespective of the underlying cause. If chronic or repeated disease occurs the liver cannot regenerate itself and scarring, or fibrosis, develops.
- Symptoms usually occur late in the scarring process.
- Physical examination.
- Medication can include: diuretics; antibiotics; vitamin supplements (B complex, C and K); propanolol, beta-adrenoreceptor blocker (to reduce risk of ruptured varices).
- Health education on alcohol and the dangers of excessive drinking. The recommended safe limits for weekly alcohol consumption are: 14 units for women and 21 units for men (1 unit = small glass of wine; half-pint of beer; single measure of spirits).
The British Liver Trust website (see below) has details of ongoing and completed research into liver disease.
British Liver Trust: (also contains details of Liver Nurses' Forum)