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News In Brief

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News In Brief

- UK researchers are assessing the effects of humidity on healthcare-associated infections. A two-year study at Bradford University will use simulated ward environments in an aerobiological test chamber. The researchers said: ‘We are
investigating the extent to which humidity control might assist in the fight against infection.’

- Smoking increases the risk of psoriasis, a US study of 79,000 nurses has found. Smokers were 78% more likely to have the condition than non-smokers. The authors said: ‘Smoking cessation may be an important target for prevention and management of psoriasis.’
American Journal of Medicine (2007) 120: 953–959

- Rheumatoid arthritis drug adalimumab has been included in updated NICE guidance on etanercept and infliximab. The three drugs can be used if a patient has already tried methotrexate and other disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs.

- Smiths Medical has recalled three lots of EMS ventilator circuits – 070528, 070620 and 070910 – due to a valve in the breathing systems not opening, resulting in a blockage and potentially no oxygen being delivered to the patient.

- A boost dose of radiation in early-stage breast cancer, as well as standard radiation treatment following a lumpectomy, almost doubles the chance of still being in remission 10 years later, according to a European study of 5,000 women. The findings were presented last week at the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology in Los Angeles.

- Walking five times a week for 30 minutes can maintain bone density in men with stage I–III prostate cancer receiving hormone and radiation therapies, say US researchers. Men who did not exercise lost 2% of bone density in 8–9 weeks. The findings were presented last week at the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology in Los Angeles.

- For the first time nurses are to carry out research into the needs of people with Parkinson’s disease in Norther Ireland. The two-year study at Ulster University’s nursing school aims to help healthcare professionals understand the palliative care needs of such patients.

- The number of men visiting community contraception clinics has risen by 48% over the past decade, according to the NHS Information Centre. It said 117,000 men attended a clinic in 2006–2007 compared with 79,000 in 1996–1997.

- Women who have a hysterectomy for benign conditions are 2.7 times more likely to need surgery for stress urinary incontinence surgery within five years than other women, according to Swedish study of over 600,000 women.
The Lancet (2007) 370: 1494–1499

- Sepsis continues to rank among the top 10 causes of death in the UK, according to researchers at Addenbrooke’s Hospital in
Cambridge. It has an estimated annual mortality of between 30 and 50 deaths per 100,000 of the population.
BMJ (2007) 335: 879–883

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