Personalised healthcare tailored to the needs of individual patients is a centrepiece of Labour’s general election manifesto.
The manifesto confirms earlier pledges to give patients legally binding rights to receive treatment within maximum waiting times.
People suspected of having cancer will get their results within one week, while those needing treatment will start it within 18 weeks or will have the right to go private, with the costs met by the NHS.
All cancer patients will receive dedicated one-to-one nursing and more therapies like chemotherapy will be available in the home instead of in hospital.
Labour also plans to work with charities such as Marie Curie Cancer Care to give cancer patients end of life care in their own homes if they wish.
All people aged 40 and over will get free annual “health MOTs” with their GP, according to the manifesto.
More GP surgeries will be open from 8am to 8pm and there will be extra health services on the high street.
The shift to providing care in the community could save the NHS millions of pounds a year - seen as necessary due to the ageing population and people living longer with diseases such as cancer and diabetes.
The manifesto said more treatments such as kidney dialysis will be carried out in the community, while enhanced services - such as scans and X-rays - will be available from GPs.
The expansion in the role of pharmacists in providing NHS care will continue and patients will have the right to all drugs approved by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, regardless of where they live.
Patients with long term conditions such as diabetes will be given more control over their healthcare budgets.
However, those patients who fail to turn up for appointments will forfeit their right to fast-track care.
The manifesto also reaffirms Labour’s plans for the NHS to make up to £20bn of efficiency savings over the next four years and for 10 per cent of a hospital’s income to be linked to patient satisfaction.
There is also a role for the private sector in the NHS, as is currently the case, with firms invited to bid for contracts where they can “bring innovation” or increase capacity to speed up treatments.
All hospitals will become foundation trusts - a supposed marker of excellence in the NHS - with more freedoms on how they spend their money.
A total of 8,000 new therapists will provide psychological therapies to those who need it in a bid to “change society’s attitudes to mental illness”.
Other commitments already announced include the right to choose where to give birth and more single rooms for parents if their child is in hospital.