US researchers studied 31 clinical trials involving 12,000 adult smokers, comparing nursing intervention with usual care. They found 15–20% of those who received smoking cessation strategies from nurses were successful in quitting, compared with less than 3% of those who had no intervention.
Lead author Virginia Hill Rice, professor of nursing at Wayne State University nursing college in Michigan, said: ‘As people go through withdrawal, they need guidance and continual support. As health advocates, [nurses] can have a profound effect on the reduction of tobacco use.’
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2008): 1