Jacqueline Crowe, 46, will never work again after being forced to leave her job as a result of the accident at South Moor Hospital, in Stanley, County Durham.
With the help of her trade union, Unison, Mrs Crowe took legal action against Durham and Darlington Acute Hospitals NHS Trust.
A hearing at Newcastle County Court was told that Mrs Crowe was injured while trying to move the hospital bed to change the sheets.
Because of a failure of the bed's brake to release, when she pulled the bed towards her she jarred her back and neck, which brought back a previous injury. She now suffers from depression and has to take strong painkillers every day.
Mrs Crowe's solicitor, Michelle Reid-Mitchell, said: 'If the hospital had ensured its equipment was in good working order Mrs Crowe would not have suffered from serious back pain.
'A simple check of equipment could have avoided this accident.'
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