Title: Research for Advanced Practice Nurses. From Evidence to Practice (2nd Ed)
Editors: Magdalena A Mateo and Marquis D Foreman
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
Reviewer: Kim Shrieves. BSc (hons) child health nursing. RN (Child). Band 6 paediatric research nurse
What was it like?
This textbook references practical ways that nurses can incorporate evidence-based practice (EBP) into their clinical work. Teaching how to appraise research articles, find, assess and evaluate the literature, develop a working knowledge of research methods to better assess the data and use it to assist informed decision making to improve patient care. It is presented in four sections. Part one: Evidence-Based Practice gives an overview of EBP: it’s history, terminology, models, types of evidence and keys ways of finding evidence. Part two: Building Blocks for Evidence starts by appraising a single research article from the reviewers perspective presenting the research process with a focus on supporting evidence for practice. Part three: Using Available Evidence looks at appraising evidence (systematic reviews, meta-analysis and practice guidelines) from various sources such as professional organisations and government websites. Programme evaluation offers an opportunity for use of evidence. Considerations when planning and implementing EBP activities are also presented. Part four: Evaluating the Impact of EBP and Communicating Results looks at techniques for presenting ideas, writing protocols and reporting outcomes. Cost, outcomes and ethical aspects of EBP are also discussed.
What were the highlights?
The main highlight is that this reference textbook has a strong focus on the practical application of evidence-based practice with the aim of increasing it’s impact at the point of care. Clinical research examples and insights are presented in an informative way to assist and support the reader in obtaining the knowledge and skills required to appreciate, undertake and evaluate nursing research so as to improve patient outcomes and quality of life. Additionally, it includes practical sections on report writing, conference presentation and writing for publication as means of dissemination and discusses how research findings might be used to support nursing practice.
Strengths & weaknesses:
The main drawback of this excellent reference is that it is US so the terminology and models of EBP for example are American and developed based on the US healthcare systems’ experience and research into these issues. Additionally, although you would imagine the UK experience is similar, the underlying premise for the book, which is despite EBP being the expected standard and there being a growing evidence base of high quality research the impact it has at practice level is still lacks consistancy in the US.
In spite of the US focus I would still recommend this book. It is well written and structured systematically and clearly allowing the reader to delve in and out of the chapters as needed and referring you to other relevant chapters as appropriate. Additionally, suggested activities give the opportunity to critically engage with the discussion and further your understanding. Although sometimes (not always) they are only of relevance to practice in US. Finally, this book stimulates further reading by including references, key documents and websites for further focussed reading.
Who should read it?
This book is aimed at graduate students doing graduate courses in nursing research or an interdisciplinary health care. However, it would be of value to all nurse researchers and nurses in clinical settings to fulfil their research role. However, some caution is necessary as it is a US publication.