An extra £19 million has been announced to fund doctors, nurses and other health workers who want to take over the running of NHS services in England.
Health secretary Andrew Lansley said the creation of social enterprises and mutual organisations helped “shift power and control” to frontline staff.
There are already 6,000 social enterprises within the NHS and Mr Lansley claimed they offered more freedom for staff and better care for patients.
The Department of Health was the first in Whitehall to give staff new rights to form social enterprises or mutuals.
The £19 million of funding for the next year follows £100 million invested over the last five years in setting up the organisations.
Mr Lansley said: “The NHS is full of people with new ideas about giving patients the care they need.
“Social enterprises are able to harness these innovations and provide services that will greatly help patients.
“We have already seen 6,000 Social Enterprises within the NHS offering staff more freedom and giving patients more tailored health care.
“The extra funding announced today will help roll out more of these services across the health service and shift power and control to frontline workers.”
Officials from the department will also work with the Cabinet Office to support the creation of social enterprises and mutuals in other areas of government.
Cabinet Office Minister Francis Maude said: “Now is the time for entrepreneurial public servants to take the initiative and push for ownership.”