Issue : September 2005
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The Arteriovenous System - Part Two: arteries.Subscription
This article, part two in a three-part series, examines arterial pathology and dysfunction, and the main treatment modalities for common arterial diagnoses, including aneurysms, transient ischaemic attack and hypertension - common conditions that nurses will see frequently in both the ward and critical care environments. Nurses should be aware of the medical management and nursing care of these conditions in order to optimise and improve clinical outcomes.
Obesity is the most common nutritional disorder in the world (WHO, 1998), caused when an individual’s energy intake exceeds her or his expenditure for a prolonged period of time. For example, consuming an extra 100 kilocalories per day on top of an individual’s energy requirements will cause a 5kg weight gain per year (SIGN, 1996).
Internet use has increased exponentially in the past decade, with the provision of medical information and support forming two of its more important functions (Till, 1996). Women with breast cancer have been shown to have a greater need for information following primary treatment (Raupach and Hiller, 2002). The internet can play a part in the search for this information and also has an important role to play for cancer survivors after their treatment has ended (Satterlund et al, 2003).
Dysphagia is prevalent in older patients for a number of reasons.
Taking a swabSubscription
Increased antibiotic resistance in many organisms makes it vital that any infection is treated in the most appropriate way. To support this process, swabs are often taken for microbiological analysis.
Thousands of people attend Scottish hospitals every year with a head injury and a large number are admitted. In a small group of patients, their outcome might be made worse by a failure to detect or deal with complications in a timely and effective manner. It is therefore vital that non-specialist staff who assess people with head injuries are able to assess them as detect any problems needing intervention as early as possible, so that they can be treated or referred for specialist ...
VOL: 101, ISSUE: 39, PAGE NO: 25What is it?
VOL: 101, ISSUE: 38, PAGE NO: 32Elizabeth Gray, MSc, RN, is nurse adviser, Innovex UK LtdGlaucoma is a condition characterised by increased tension or pressure in the eye causing progressive structural or functional damage (Brunner and Suddarth, 1992). It is a chronic disease that requires life-long treatment and could ultimately lead to blindness (Odberg et al, 2001).
Blood glucose monitoringSubscription
Blood glucose monitoring is widely undertaken in a number of clinical situations.
VOL: 101, ISSUE: 38, PAGE NO: 31WHAT IS IT?