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How should pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches be combined?

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THIS ARTICLE WILL TELL YOU ABOUT:

  • The main symptoms of osteoarthritis (OA):  pain, stiffness, fatigue, depression and anxiety; as well as other resulting symptoms such as loss of function
  • Pharmacological management and non-pharmacological management
  • Specific medications used, their side-effects and their risks, and combining this information with research findings to show reasoning behind prescriptions
  • Portenoy’s criteria for addiction in people with chronic pain

YOU WOULD BE LIKELY TO REFERENCE THIS ARTICLE IF YOU WERE RESEARCHING:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Pharmacological treatment for OA
  • Non-pharmacological treatment for OA
  • Addiction, especially to opioids

IN WHAT SITUATIONS WILL THIS ARTICLE BE USEFUL TO ME?

This article will be useful to you in understanding the possible strategies for treating OA by giving you greater insight into effective and non-effective prescriptions.  In particular, the differences between pharmacological and non-pharmacological options— what symptoms they expect to treat, which medicines are recommended, what side-effects are likely—will be helpful in advising patients. 

QUESTIONS FOR YOUR MENTOR/TUTOR:

  • How should pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches be combined for the most effective treatment?
  • How should I best advise patients to manage side-effects that may arise from pharmacological treatment?

STUDENT NT DECODER:

  • Pharmacological Management: management of symptoms through the use of medication. 
  • Non-Pharmacological Management: management of symptoms without the use of medication such as in this example of OA with exercise, weight loss and acupuncture.   
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