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What is chronic hepatitis B?

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Article:

Oakes K (2014) Chronic hepatitis B, part 1: hepatitis B: prevalence and pathophysiology. Nursing Times; 110: 7, 12-16.

Author:

Kathryn Oakes is viral hepatitis clinical nurse specialist team lead at King’s College Hospital, London.

 

THIS ARTICLE WILL TELL YOU ABOUT

  • The populations most at risk of contracting chronic hepatitis B
  • The life cycle of hepatitis B virus and its four distinct phases
  • How the virus is diagnosed, treated and prevented

 

YOU WOULD BE LIKELY TO REFERENCE THIS ARTICLE IF YOU WERE RESEARCHING:

This article would be useful in essays on the spread of infectious diseases, particularly hepatitis B, but also other worldwide public health issues. It covers the diagnosis of hepatitis B, how the virus is transmitted and vaccination options.

 

IN WHAT SITUATIONS WILL THIS ARTICLE BE USEFUL FOR ME?

This article would be particularly useful if you were working with patients with long-term conditions. It may be also useful when studying for an anatomy exam as it gives clear explanation of how hepatitis B is transmitted and the lifecycle of the virus.

STUDENT NT DECODER

Transmission
A disease being passed from an infected individual to non-infected person.

Horizontal transmission
A disease passing to an individual of the same generation.

Vertical transmission
A disease being passed down through generations – from parent to offspring.

Pathophysiology
The processes and mechanisms that occur in a disease, such as the four stages of hepatitis B described in this article

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