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Study backs early blood glucose control in type 2 diabetes

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Intensive control of blood glucose from the time type 2 diabetes is diagnosed will have a positive ‘legacy effect’ - a study by Oxford University has shown.

In a 30-year survey, researchers at the Oxford centre for diabetes, endocrinology and metabolism found that earlier control of glucose levels reduces the risk of heart, kidney and eye disease and leads to fewer deaths.

During the preliminary trial, ten years ago, two groups maintained different levels of blood glucose control. Although these differences had rapidly disappeared, the benefits of earlier glucose management with respect to kidney and eye disease had not diminished.

Researchers witnessed a 15 per cent reduction of heart attacks and 13 per cent fewer deaths among those who had received earlier treatment.

Professor Rury Holman, chief investigator of the study believes the results demonstrate the importance of early detection and treatment of diabetes.

‘Good glucose control from the time type 2 diabetes is diagnosed reduces the rate of diabetic complications,’ he said. ‘This intervention leads to sustained benefits in the longer term.’

Findings will be published in the New England Journal of Medicine

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