An absorbent dressing with a low-friction outer layer may be the answer to preventing pressure ulcers, suggests a small Japanese study.
The unique feature of the dressing is its low-friction outer layer and ceramide-inhydrocolloid composition, said the researchers. It was specifically designed to improve water-holding capacity without increasing skin pH in bedridden older patients.
The dressing was randomly applied to the right or left greater trochanter of 37 patients for three weeks. No dressing was applied to the opposite side as a control.
Persistent erythema was observed in two intervention areas and 11 control areas. No pressure ulcers were observed in either area during the study period.
The authors said the dressing would need to be applied to 4.11 patients for up to three weeks to prevent one case of persistent erythema. They added that it should be useful for patients with highly prominent bones and dry skin.
Journal of Advanced Nursing (2007) 59: 520–529