Subjects worked full or part-time and had to contend with incontinence during part or all of the work day.
Bother was measured using an inverse scale, where 0 was most bothersome and 100 meant there was no problem.
Urinary dysfunction was most bothersome on average (39.4), compared with sexual and bowel (42.1 and 77.5 respectively).
Authors write: ‘Relentless UI interferes with a man’s role in performing activities and routines, particularly as it refers to the clothing he wears and his attempts to disguise bulky incontinence pads and the odour from urinary leakage.
‘Clinicians should highlight the transient and unrelenting physical implications, along with the limitations annoyance produces as a result of the treatment.’
Urologic Nursing (2007) 27:527-533