The injuries of 11 patients, six boys and five girls, with an average age of 10.2, were analysed in the US study.
Over the course of 15 years, the children were admitted to hospital with golf related injuries, which usually occurred away from the golf course.
All subjects suffered from a fractured eye socket and nine patients required surgery. Some patients suffered longer term damage - at a follow-up visit two had no light perception and visual acuity was 20/70 in another child.
Researchers at the University of Colorado hope their findings will highlight the issue and raise awareness among parents.
The report’s authors write: ‘The frequency of potentially devastating ocular and head trauma has been demonstrated in our series.’
Most injuries were caused by children wielding golf clubs while playing away from courses, they added.
‘We recommend close adult supervision, adequate separation between children and protective eyewear for children learning to play golf,’ they added.
Archive of Opthalmology (2008) 126:1252-1256